DOMESTIC VIOLENCE HOMICIDE:
Predictable & Preventable
Homicide is the fifth leading cause of death for women aged 18 to 44. Current or former intimate (romantic) partners commit 14% of all homicides in the U.S., with over 70% of the victims being female – disproportionately women of color.
Research has shown that intimate partner domestic violence homicides are often predictable; and if they’re predictable, they’re preventable.
The Jeanne Geiger Crisis Center is a nationally recognized leader in the fight to end domestic violence homicides. In 2005, we launched the country’s first Domestic Violence High Risk Team (DVHRT) in our home town of Newburyport, MA. Since then, our research-based model has been recognized by the White House, academics, domestic violence advocates and law enforcement professionals across the country as an innovative, effective way to reduce the threat of harm to intended victims, family members and first responders.
Domestic Violence High Risk Team Model
The Domestic Violence High Risk Team (DVHRT) Model, created by the Jeanne Geiger Crisis Center in 2005, is an innovative strategy to prevent domestic violence homicides. The Model was developed after the homicide of one of our clients. It is grounded in the work of Dr. Jacquelyn Campbell, PhD, RN, FAAN, a leading researcher in the field of intimate partner homicide. Dr. Campbell’s research established that the escalation of domestic violence to lethal levels often follows predictable patterns and foreseeable indicators. The DVHRT Model leverages that predictability by incorporating evidence-based risk assessment into a community’s domestic violence response system to identify and intervene in the most dangerous cases.
The DVHRT Model consists of four central strategies: early identification of high-risk cases through risk assessment, engagement of a multi-disciplinary team, ongoing monitoring and management of offenders, and the connection of victims to domestic violence services. The DVHRT manages critical information in high risk cases to identify and close systemic gaps where homicides occur.
The Department of Justice, Office on Violence Against Women (OVW) has recognized the DVHRT Model as a “leading promising practice” in intimate partner homicide prevention. Under a grant from the OVW we provide training and technical assistance nationally to assist communities in implementing the DVHRT and the Danger Assessment for Law Enforcement risk screening tool.
Danger Assessment for Law Enforcement
The Danger Assessment for Law Enforcement (DA-LE) is an evidence-based risk assessment tool used by responding officer to help identify victims who are at the highest risk of homicide or severe/near-lethal assault.
The DA-LE was created by the Jeanne Geiger Crisis Center in 2015, through a collaboration with Dr. Jacquelyn Campbell, PhD, RN, FAAN and Dr. Jill Theresa Messing, MSW, PhD.
The DA-LE is a multifaceted intervention that involves an accompanying protocol to connect high risk victims to domestic violence services and is used in court to inform criminal justice proceedings.
The DA-LE can be used within the context of the DVHRT Model or as a stand-alone risk assessment tool.